# Understanding range() Function in Python with Examples

In python programming language, `range()`

is built-in function which is very handy to generate integer numbers and is frequently used to iterate through `list`

. Before diving into use case of this function we first understand what it does with examples.

First, let's look at its syntax:

```
range(stop) -> range object
# OR
range(start, stop) -> range object
# OR
range(start, stop, step) -> range object
```

In the above syntax, `start`

, `stop`

& `step`

are arguments to the range. And `-> range object`

indicates this function returns `range object`

finally.

Working of range() Function

`range()`

function returns an object that produces a sequence of integers from `start`

** (inclusive)** to `stop`

** (exclusive)** by given `step`

. `range(p, q)`

produces `p, p+1, p+2, p+3,p+4 ..., q-1`

.

`start`

defaults to 0, and `stop`

is omitted! `range(5)`

produces `0, 1, 2, 3,4`

. These are exactly the valid indices for a list of 5 elements. When `step`

is given, it specifies the **increment (or decrement)**.

## range() Examples

Example 1 (with stop only)

```
x = range(5)
x = list(x) # converting to list
print(x)
```

Output

[0, 1, 2, 3, 4]

Example 2 (with start and stop)

```
x = range(5,11)
x = list(x) # converting to list
print(x)
```

Output

[5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]

Example 3 (with start, stop and step)

```
x = range(7,34,3)
x = list(x) # converting to list
print(x)
```

Output

[7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31]

## range() Function and for Loop Examples

First, let's run:

```
for i in range(5):
print(i)
```

Which gives:

0 1 2 3 4

In above program `range(5)`

generates number 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and we iterate through them to print. In general when one argument say (p) is given to range function then it generates number from 0 to p-1 and each time updating value by 1.

Second, let's run:

```
for i in range(2,5):
print(i)
```

Which gives:

2 3 4

In above program `range(2,5)`

generates number 2, 3, 4 and we iterate through them to print. In general when two arguments say (p, q) are given to range function then it generates number from p to q-1 and each time updating value by 1.

Third, let's run:

```
for i in range(1,8,2):
print(i)
```

Which gives:

1 3 5 7

In above program `range(1,8,2)`

generates number 1, 3, 5, 7 and we iterate through them to print. In general when three arguments say (p, q, r) are given to range function then it generates number from **p to q-1 with update value of r**.

Finally Checking Type of Object Returned by range() Function

```
>>> x = range(5)
>>> type(x)
<class 'range'>
```