Bisection Method Algorithm

Bisection Method is one of the simplest, reliable, easy to implement and convergence guarenteed method for finding real root of non-linear equations. It is also known as Binary Search or Half Interval or Bolzano Method.

Bisection method is bracketing method and starts with two initial guesses say x0 and x1 such that x0 and x1 brackets the root i.e. f(x0)f(x1)<0

Bisection method is based on the fact that if f(x) is real and continuous function, and for two initial guesses x0 and x1 brackets the root such that: f(x0)f(x1) <0 then there exists atleast one root between x0 and x1.

Root is obtained in Bisection method by successive halving the interval i.e. If x0 and x1 are two guesses then we compute new approximated root as:

x2 = (x0 + x1)/2

Now we have following three different cases:

  1. If f(x2)=0 then the root is x2.
  2. If f(x0)f(x2)<0 then root lies between x0 and x2.
  3. If f(x0)f(x2)> 0 then root lies between x1 and x2.

And then process is repeated until we find the root within desired accuracy.

Bisection Method Algorithm

1. start

2. Define function f(x)

3. Choose initial guesses x0 and x1 such that f(x0)f(x1) < 0

4. Choose pre-specified tolerable error e.

5. Calculate new approximated root as x2 = (x0 + x1)/2

6. Calculate f(x0)f(x2)
	a. if f(x0)f(x2) < 0 then x0 = x0 and x1 = x2
	b. if f(x0)f(x2) > 0 then x0 = x2 and x1 = x1
	c. if f(x0)f(x2) = 0 then goto (8)
	
7. if |f(x2)| > e then goto (5) otherwise goto (8)

8. Display x2 as root.

9. Stop

Recommended Reading

  1. Bisection Method Algorithm
  2. Bisection Method Pseudocode
  3. Bisection Method Using C
  4. Bisection Method Using C++
  5. Bisection Method Using MATLAB
  6. Bisection Method Online Calculator