Ordinary Differential Equation Using Euler's Method Using C Programming

Implementation of Euler's method for solving ordinary differential equation using C programming language.

Output of this is program is solution for dy/dx = x + y with initial condition y = 1 for x = 0 i.e. y(0) = 1 and we are trying to evaluate this differential equation at y = 1. ( Here y = 1 i.e. y(1) = ? is our calculation point)

C Program for Euler's Method


#include<stdio.h>
#include<conio.h>

#define f(x,y) x+y

int main()
{
 float x0, y0, xn, h, yn, slope;
 int i, n;
 clrscr();
 printf("Enter Initial Condition\n");
 printf("x0 = ");
 scanf("%f", &x0);
 printf("y0 = ");
 scanf("%f", &y0);
 printf("Enter calculation point xn = ");
 scanf("%f", &xn);
 printf("Enter number of steps: ");
 scanf("%d", &n);

 /* Calculating step size (h) */
 h = (xn-x0)/n;

 /* Euler's Method */
 printf("\nx0\ty0\tslope\tyn\n");
 printf("------------------------------\n");
 for(i=0; i < n; i++)
 {
  slope = f(x0, y0);
  yn = y0 + h * slope;
  printf("%.4f\t%.4f\t%0.4f\t%.4f\n",x0,y0,slope,yn);
  y0 = yn;
  x0 = x0+h;
 }

 /* Displaying result */
 printf("\nValue of y at x = %0.2f is %0.3f",xn, yn);

 getch();
 return 0;
}

Euler's Method C Program Output

Enter Initial Condition
x0 = 0
y0 = 1
Enter calculation point xn = 1
Enter number of steps: 10

x0      y0      slope   yn
------------------------------
0.0000  1.0000  1.0000  1.1000
0.1000  1.1000  1.2000  1.2200
0.2000  1.2200  1.4200  1.3620
0.3000  1.3620  1.6620  1.5282
0.4000  1.5282  1.9282  1.7210
0.5000  1.7210  2.2210  1.9431
0.6000  1.9431  2.5431  2.1974
0.7000  2.1974  2.8974  2.4872
0.8000  2.4872  3.2872  2.8159
0.9000  2.8159  3.7159  3.1875

Value of y at x = 1.00 is 3.187

Recommended Readings

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  2. Ordinary Differential Equation Using Euler's Method Pseudocode
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